Treatment Outcomes for Prescription Drug Misusers: the Negative Effect of Geographic Discordance

RUHRC Authors: Harp, K
Publication Date: 01/01/2015
Full Publication: Treatment Outcomes for Prescription Drug Misusers: the Negative Effect of Geographic Discordance

Abstract

This is the first known study to examine geographic discordance (traveling from one's home residence to a county with a different socio-cultural context to receive substance abuse treatment) as a predictor of clinical and social functioning treatment outcomes (i.e., relapse, self-help attendance, anxiety, and incarceration) among a sample of prescription drug misusers. Treatment entry and 12-month follow-up client-level survey data were collected from 187 clients who misused prescription drugs, and center-level survey data were collected from the supervisors at treatment centers attended by the clients. Multivariate models reveal that geographic discordance significantly increased the odds that prescription drug misusers would report relapse to prescription opioid misuse, anxiety, and any incarceration at follow-up. Moreover, geographically discordant clients were significantly less likely to have attended a self-help group, net of the effect of other individual- and center-level factors. Implications for clinical practice and substance abuse treatment policy are provided.

Suggested Citation

Oser CB, Harp KLH. Treatment Outcomes for Prescription Drug Misusers: the Negative Effect of Geographic Discordance. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2015;48(1):77-84.