The Prevalence of Chronic Diseases among Current and Ex-Miners in the United States
RUHRC Authors: Arif, A
Publication Date: 12/31/2019
Full Publication: The Prevalence of Chronic Diseases among Current and Ex-Miners in the United States
Objective: To determine and compare the prevalence and odds of chronic diseases among ex-and current miners.
Methods: Fourteen-year pooled data from the National Health Interview Survey between 2004 and 2017 were analyzed. Ex- and current miners ages 18–64 years were defined based on employment status at the time of NHIS interview. We calculated age-adjusted prevalence rates and odds ratios of association of chronic diseases. The analysis was adjusted for respondent's age, sex, race, marital status, poverty-income ratio, health insurance, and smoking status.
Results: Ex-miners have significantly increased prevalence of most chronic diseases. The age-adjusted prevalence and the adjusted odds of heart disease, cancer, hypertension, diabetes, and psychological stress were significantly higher among ex-miners as compared to current miners.
Conclusions: Ex-miners have worse health outcomes that may persist for years after leaving the mining industry.
Arif A, Adeyemi O. The Prevalence of Chronic Diseases among Current and Ex-Miners in the United States. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: December 31, 2019 – Volume Publish Ahead of Print – Issue – p doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001809