Correlates of Participation in Peer Recovery Support Groups as Well as Voluntary and Mandated Substance Abuse Treatment Among Rural and Urban Probationers

RUHRC Authors: Harp, K
Publication Date: 01/01/2012
Full Publication: Correlates of Participation in Peer Recovery Support Groups as Well as Voluntary and Mandated Substance Abuse Treatment Among Rural and Urban Probationers

Abstract

This study explores the correlates of probationers' participation in 12-step programs, voluntary treatment, and mandated treatment, with respect to the geographic location of where the services are being provided as the primary covariate of interest. Data were derived from face-to-face interviews with rural and urban probationers (N = 1,464). Results of the three logistic regression models suggested that even when all the covariates are taken into account, urban probationers were significantly more likely to have been involved in 12-step programs, voluntary treatment, and mandated treatment over their lifespan. Despite high levels of self-reported substance use among all participants, treatment services were underused by rural probationers. These data suggest that individuals residing in rural communities may face additional barriers to receiving treatment services and that criminal involvement is associated with participation in peer recovery support groups and treatment. Future studies can investigate criminal involvement as an avenue to enhance recovery and how to overcome treatment barriers in rural areas.

Suggested Citation

Oser CB, Harp, KLH, O’Connell DJ, Martin SS, Leukefeld CG. Correlates of Participation in Peer Recovery Support Groups as Well as Voluntary and Mandated Substance Abuse Treatment Among Rural and Urban Probationers. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2012;42(1): 95-101.